Rural Transport Indicators

The team will develop a methodology for assessing rural transport services using participatory surveys undertaken in cooperation with a range of stakeholders in Kenya and Tanzania. Provisional indicators will be tested for reliability and relevance to the different stakeholders. Indicator applications for planning, monitoring and evaluation will be assessed with comparisons over time and space with collaborating partners. The research is planned to expand to further countries, as indicators are tested and validated with partner organisations.

The approach to survey work built upon the World Bank document on the Rapid Assessment of Rural Transport Services (Starkey, 2007). This involves stratifying roads by their hub-and-spoke hierarchy: village to market (local roads), market to town (district roads), town to city (national roads). The survey methodology also stratifies for remoteness which is a poverty-related issue. This methodology requires triangulating the information provided by different stakeholders. Thus, information on transport fares and safety issues is obtained from operators, passengers and the regulators, and any differences are explained. The approach recognises that transport users are heterogeneous, with differences due to income, gender, age, infirmity, disability, disadvantage and discrimination. Data and statistics are disaggregated for gender. It is also necessary to interview rural stakeholders who are excluded from access to the transport services due to issues such as cost, insecurity, unreliability or infirmity.

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